Tenants Without A Written Contract- Verbal Tenancy Agreement

Signing Contract

Earlier today I received a phonecall from a disgruntled friend of mine; she explained to me that her landlord has requested for her to vacate the property by Saturday (4 days away), due to a disagreement regarding the rent. Bear in mind, there is several months left in the tenancy, so he’s trying to terminate the the tenancy during the fixed-term.

She was in a panic because finding a reasonably priced property to rent in the current climate, in London, with in 4 days is a tall order to say the least. She then explained how she didn’t have a written contract with her landlord, just a piece of paper declaring that she had paid a deposit; her fear was that the lack of paperwork left her with very little rights, if any at all.

I was pleased to tell her… WRONG!!!

A ‘Verbal Contract’ is binding by law

Simply, a verbal agreement is as legally binding as a written Tenancy Agreement (however, I would never advise to enter any agreement without a written contract).

As soon as a landlord allows access into the property and accepts rental payment, a verbal contract is formed. So this whole, “get out of my property with in 3 days” crap won’t fly, or at least, it’s not legally enforceable.

Legal rights without a written Tenancy Agreement

The fact a tenant does not have a written tenancy agreement does not affect a tenant’s statutory legal rights, in fact, nor does it lesson the landlords legal rights. Both parties are still protected by statutory/common law.

Essentially, a tenant without a written contract is still entitled to all the statutory rights a regular tenant with a contract is, including water, heating, a safe environment etc.

How Is a Verbal Tenancy Agreement Created?

For a verbal tenancy to exist it must have three essential elements:

  • An offer
  • An acceptance of offer
  • Payment- known as the legal term consideration

If these three elements exist, then you’ve essentially created a verbal tenancy agreement. This contract is binding to all parties involved.

There are other elements to consider:

  • Both parties must agree to be legally tied to the agreement
  • Both parties are capable of making an agreement i.e. not under the age of 18, drunk or insane.
  • Both parties must be acting freely and not under duress
  • The contract being made cannot be contrary to law

Ending / terminating a verbal tenancy agreement

To terminate ANY tenancy agreement, the correct and proper legal procedures must be followed.

In my friend’s case, she can’t simply be told to leave with 4 days notice in the middle of the agreed fixed term just because there is no written tenancy agreement. Although, it does make it slightly difficult to prove when the agreed end-date of the tenancy is, but in any case, she’s entitled to at least 2 months notice (that’s her statutory right). The only way my friend, or any other tenant, can be ‘forced’ out of a tenancy agreement during the fixed-term is if the landlord has grounds for eviction.

If you want to shuffle through all the ways a tenancy can be terminated, whether you have a written or verbal agreement, here’s a list of ways to terminate a tenancy agreement properly.

From the other perspective, if you’re a landlord that’s trying to get rid of a rogue or troublesome tenant (and all you have is a flimsy verbal agreement), you may have legitimate grounds for eviction. For further information, you can hop over here to get some free landlord legal advice. No strings attached.

Why Verbal Tenancy Agreements are not advised

Even though “verbal agreements” are legally binding, it is still advised that a written tenancy agreement is always present when creating a tenancy.

Firstly, and quite frankly, a landlord or tenant that doesn’t have a written contract is an utter shit-for-brains. I sincerely mean that.

Written contracts are there for your utmost protection. I would question any tenant or landlord that doesn’t require a written contract. In my opinion, it just triggers off a signal, “DODGY BASTARD”

Secondly, a written tenancy is created to avoid misinterpretation as well as agreeing to the key points in the tenancy. By having a well-constructed tenancy agreement, which outlines the tenant and landlords’ responsibilities, any disputes further down the line would be avoided.

How to avoid creating a verbal tenancy agreement

It is very important to document all communication between a landlord and a tenant. The problem may arise in a verbal contract where a tenant may argue that they never accepted the terms of the contract. In this case, it’s very difficult to prove who is actually in the right or wrong, so written proof is vital.

If you are discussing a potential let or renewal of a contract, you should always make sure that that you do not create a verbal tenancy agreement. You can avoid this by using the words ‘Subject to Contract’ on any correspondence relating to potential lets and when leaving messages on answering machines or speaking with prospective tenants.

Creating a Written Tenancy Agreement

Putting a written tenancy agreement in place couldn’t be easier. You don’t have to draft one yourself, there are already plenty of resources available at your disposal. There are hundreds of websites online that offer Tenancy Agreement templates– you just need to download one and fill it in like a regular form.

It is important to ensure you source your Tenancy Agreement from a reputable vendor, as there are plenty out there that have either been butchered with unlawful clauses and/or are simply out-dated. There’s a range of Tenancy Agreements available to purchase from this website for £4.99, which have been created by specialist Solicitors. They can be reused as many times as you wish. However, if you wish to source your tenancy agreement from elsewhere, I recommend having a glimpse at the Good Tenancy Agreement Guide.

For more details on tenancy contracts, you may want to head over to the Tenancy Agreement blog post.

Buy A Tenancy Agreement

142 Comments- Join The Conversation...

Showing 92 - 142 comments (out of 142)
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Steph 28th November, 2014 @ 21:56


I'm a private tenant who sublet spare rooms in my house with the knowledge of my landlord. We only have a verbal agreement, 2 weeks deposit and a week rent in advance.
I gave notice to one of the tenants (a couple) 2 weeks ago and they refuse to leave. They stopped paying rent when I gave the notice, without my consent. They say that they have failed to find another accommodation,
I tried to negotiate for them, they now are threatening to take me to court.
Where do I stand, legally and what's my best course of action?

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Kieron 12th January, 2015 @ 09:57

hi, i rent a room i a house my LL also lives in the house but i have a separate kitchen and bathroom from him.

i do not have a propper tenany agreement just a bit of paper stating the amount of deposit paid and that rent is due a the start of each week on a monday by 6pm. i have been here nearly one year and have always paid on time. my problem is he has now change the dat to the friday before each week but did not tell me, he said he put a notice on the front door but i did not see it. i have no problem with paying the rent before its due on the friday but will need a few weeks to catch up as this will mean i have to pay two weeks rent in one week and i can not afford that atm. could you let me know where i stand.

thank you so much for taking the time to read ,

kind regards

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jcb 16th January, 2015 @ 21:37

I have business and its a rent free agreement (no rent paid and its verbal agreement nothing in writing). Can the landlord evict me without warning. If yes then equipments still belong to me cause I paid for it? Will the landlord compensate me for the the money I invested in the business? Can the landlord transfer the business to a new owner?

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robert 21st January, 2015 @ 15:25

i have a person who i was living with and she mobed across the country. three months before she moved she told me about it. she asked me if id be staying or what, my awnser was that id like to move. she told me she had no one to stay here for winter to make sure the pipes dont freeze, and to make sure theres oil. i asked if she had an add up and stuff and she sqid yes but everyone who responded never came, i told her i wouldnt be able to afford the place in winter cause my pays wouod be going down, so if i could find a roomate or two id stay. as time passed i wasnt doing well at finding a roomate and she seeemed to be failing as well. i kept telling her i have no idea how to pay water or propane, or how to bleed the oil tank, or restart it. anyways. i told her multiple times somone needs to show me, and she never showed me how, she moved and now i didnt even know how to send rent until just this month, ive been living here since october, and she never showed in the three month prior to, never prepared me for these things. so the "agreement" was that i pay propane, water, and oil and 100 to her, but i had nothing to live with, no cutlery, pots pans, dishes, furniture, so i had to get all theese things on my small pays after she moved so i couldnt really afford to pay thewe things. i needed the nesscesities to live and support myself. but we also agreed 100 rent per month. yea, it was so i cant afford oil, but with my pays, even paying her 100 rent and buyung groceries and othher things that i need like a brrom, and bucket and mop one pay and whatnot the next. but heres the thing. i told her before she moved that i have no idea how to send the money to her. she told me etransfer, she wanted to show me, but i dont have a computer so i didnt wanna do that way. i kept saying i dont know hownim gonna pay rent, and she moved with me not knowing how to pay the rent! now im here and i owe her elevnhundred dollars... am i wrong, even if the water and rent and propane are my responsibility, isnt it her job as the landord, to provide the nescesarry information for me to be able to do these things when i need to? she deals with it when it happens. propaane she waited till it happened to tell me. niw she s telling me i have to go to city hall and find out why the bill isnt coming, i cant phine them, she never gave me a number, though she told me shed look it up. so basically what im asking is it isbher responsibility as the landlord, even if those bills are my reaponsibility, to give me the information i need so i can do it when i need to? if id of known the number id of called the company by now. i am a firstime reter and billpayer, living on my own. idk why she moved when i told her i wouldnt be able to afford it and i didntt find a roommate. is this my faukt? i stayed to help. i wasnt able to buy oil and she wound up buying it in january, i kept the pipes from freezing till then though by keeping water running and using space heaters. i thought she understood i wouldnt be able to afford this on my own and now shes texting me all mad all the time and im still being respectful. her sister said she wished id of been more hinest when her sister asked if id be able to afford the place, i told her, that i told her sister my pays would be going down in winter which is why id be looking fkr a roomate. so somehow she moved away with the idea i could afford this things and honestly i told her i dont know what my pay will be like in winter, my first year working and i heard pays go down in winter. is this my fault i owe her eleven hundred dollars? am i still legally binded even though this agreement has been extremly skewed?

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Darran 4th February, 2015 @ 11:54

sometime back I rented my property to my niece and her boyfriend,they split a month ago and he is still living there. he owes three thousand pounds in back rent and I have told him I have had enough of this! there is damage to one room where he was growing cannabis, i.e drill holes, floorboards ripped up, carpeting destroyed,big holes in walls created to make air vents! when I found out I told him to get it all out! which he did but the damage is still there! when they took on the property it was unfurnished, he then furnished it to his taste and has said he will only leave if I give him £20,000! even tho the furniture is only worth about £2,000! he has no tenancy agreement! what is my best way out of this nightmare? Darran.

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Rachel 8th February, 2015 @ 19:35

My partner has been living as a " guardian"/ sitting unpaying tenant for 25 years without a written agreement, just a verbal trust...
My concern is where do we stand and what are our rights, I feel as I have been livimg with my oar tuner now for two years and we also have a daughter together, where do we stand, and is our future secure,,
I would like some legal advice and maybe looking into a written agreement...
I am 42 my partner 58 so our daughter is now 7 months.. So we can all feel rested as we really don't want to leave and ideally would like some land if and when we have to move, basically the landlord is waiting for planning on this 46 acre plot we live on, if he gets the go ahead we leave with some cash, but I would like to stay as I say with some land.. Can you advise please
Thank you kindly

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nicola 11th February, 2015 @ 19:42

I started renting a property in Sep 14 off a friend who owns the property an once lived here with his wife an children before they both parted. He no longer wants anything to do with the house I rent, so the wife has just took over an immediately had it valued an told me it's going up for sale. I have no written contract and she says she will give me two months notice when needed. How do I stand.

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Paul 11th May, 2015 @ 20:59

Hi Ive got a 12 month rolling contract which is over 2 years now. I have a partner who will potentially be moving in sometime, but how long can she stay for without having to notify the landlord? Or how many days in a row could she stay before having to stay somewhere else for example could she stays 5/6 days a week to get round any limitations until we are both happy the she is to be added to the tenancy agreement?

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lico 28th May, 2015 @ 09:13


I am renting a room in a house with other roommates. When I came to the house the landlord didn't give me a formal contract but just a simple paper that says that I am renting the room, how much do I have to pay per month and that we have to give one month notice to each other. After one month my landlord left from the house and it gave it for rent to an other family. When they came in, they accepted me with exactly the same conditions as the original landlord had agreed with me.After 3 months, this family that is renting the whole house, is asking me to move from the house and is giving me one month notice. The thing is that I don't want to move from the house because I am here just 4 months and it is very inconvenient for me to move every now and then. Since we haven't specify the amount of time I have to stay in the house do they have the right by the law to kick me out of the house just because they are giving me one month notice as I had agreed with the original landlord? Since the contract was verbal can I claim that I have agreed with the original landlord to stay at the house at least one year and then give him one month notice before I go?

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Nesta 29th May, 2015 @ 20:04

Hi Im renting double room for me, my partner and my son, at the moment we dont have enough money to rent our own place. before when i was living just with my son i was paying rent once a month , but now i decided to pay every week. i dont have any contract. If my land lady decide that we must move. how much time she must give to us? how i know she dont have a contract as well.



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kate 2nd June, 2015 @ 12:50

hi I could really do with some advice I hope you can help :( . I moved into a 2 and a half bed (Isay this becoulse the box room is5/5ft) so my children have to share the rent was ooriginally £400witch I no is cheep but the house was in a state and had been left for months is:stained mattresses alcohol bottles every were an full of old furniture, so the deal was we got 2 months rent free and spend the deposit on new carpets an paint etc witch I had to do all myself.I received the keys in the July but did not get to move in till the mid September still paying rent on previous property until September. the tenancy is dated the 1st of step but be could I never moved in till the 21st we played the rent on the 27the and have done since. A year after renting this property my landlord sadly died in a tragic accident and was un sure of what was going to happen next. after a few weeks I got a knock on the door from his sister and recived a letter off a solicitor to concern this but becoulse im on a 6month contract that just rolls over she put the rent up £500 pcm I now have to pay cash in hand every month wich is inconviniant for me and constantly receiving txtes and phone calls about her family members comment round tto do repairs, then the other day I received a text off her sayin MY husband will collect the rent and will now be taking over , so her husband knocked my door introduced him self and said the reason for this is becoulse I stress her out ?? he then goes on raising his voice saying give him respect and I receive respect back etc etc then he goes on saying he want more rent for the property, its only just gone up I said,he said he's only giving me a 3 month contract to give me time to decide what I want to do :( in other words then rent goes up or get out but he left without me signing any think and said he'll b back since then if received a voice mail asking if if made a decision on what we talked about. I'm just totally lost I hate this house as it is its far to small for me and my family.what would happen if I refused to signed a contract and did not pay rent for 2months and just moved out? becoulse their also saying I'm owed no deposit back as I got 2moths rent free
I just feel stuck an feel I'm being harrasted please try help :)

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Swathy 23rd June, 2015 @ 17:03


I am a GDL student (recently graduated) who has recently moved out of my flat due to end of tenancy (complying with 30 day notice etc). This was based on a verbal periodic tenancy, complying with the factors mentioned above in your article (offer, acceptance and consideration by payment of monthly rent). We are currently in dispute (not by court, but just in disagreement) over the fact he now refuses to pay back the £250 deposit owed to my parents, which was agreed upon when I moved in in September last year (2014).

Let me explain the whole circumstances for the issue at present:

The house was advertised as being pet friendly and accepting dogs. In my viewing I actually asked if it was ok to bring my dog to live with me for the 10 month duration of my course, explaining he was slightly older and that he was a Labrador (i.e. explained his nature and personality). This was agreed to.

After about a month or two, my dog was evicted on the basis that he had vomited on the carpet. At the time this accident occurred I informed my landlord/flatmate (as he was both) of what happened and I had gone and purchased cleaning materials and cleaned the carpet myself, and took photos which showed no visible impairment after the shampoo had dried.

At the time, he even gave repeated assurances that "oh it's fine, don't worry about it", etc following the weeks after as well. He could see I was very upset but also that I had literally scrubbed the carpet clean. The colour of the carpet was a neutral beige, so the initial stain was similar to that of water spilling on the carpet, as I had removed any physical remnants with paper towels and disposed of appropriately. He even told me how he himself had spilled drinks or water on the carpet many times before so it was no big deal.

He had never brought up the issue of the carpet before. In actual fact, he got a new tenant to move in on the day of my moving out, so it is not as though he had struggled to find a replacement tenant due to the carpet (which as I said, has no visible stains, as the incident occurred last year).

Yet now, just days after I have moved out, my parents tried to chase him to pay back the deposit and he is refusing to pay it back, on the grounds that the £250 ought to cover the "damage" to his carpet.
However, as I have said, there was never any written agreement but, even if it was implied by verbal agreement, he had never once told me to pay for costs of cleaning (again, by the way, he had ample opportunity to call a cleaning service if he had wanted to and I would have paid for it, but it was so obviously insignificant that one cannot even see a visible stain, that too on a couple of small patches of the carpet).

I believe, although I am not qualified as a solicitor, that he is not entitled to keep this money for the reasons mentioned above. It appears to me that he believes the basis for keeping the deposit is on his own subjective belief, despite there being no objective evidence to the contrary. Furthermore, the fact he had never once mentioned, verbally or otherwise, that I would have to pay for any cleaning costs (or in fact that he had not since September taken any steps to call upon such service himself), suggests to me he simply wants to keep the money for other reasons (perhaps to pay for advertising costs to have found a new tenant - a totally unrelated matter).

Even if I was required to pay for any cleaning, the damage is so insignificant that a simple carpet cleaner would clean it out - I mean to say, he surely cannot go searching now for the most sought after cleaning service charging £££ or to go and replace the carpet (which runs all through the house I may add) just so that he can demand more money. This would surely be highly unreasonable and unjust (and I would think, based on case law, that courts would not favour such a greedy or unreasonable approach).

Please could you help and tell me if I am right, or if he is entitled to keep the deposit.

Thank you (and sorry for the long explanation).

Kind regards,

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Swathy 23rd June, 2015 @ 17:19

Re: comment 102.


I forgot to add, that with pets there is surely some foreseeable risk of minor damage occurring. Even with the most well behaved of pets, they are notoriously known for being unpredictable. For instance, a bear attacking an actor on set of a film screening, despite the presence and control of its trainer, would not be remote because there is always some risk associated with animals.

I would argue that, given that the nature and details of my pet were given to my landlord, he knew or ought to have known, the risks associated when he agreed to let him live with us. Furthermore, I have been a meticulous tenant, always kept the house clean, never disturbed anybody as I focused on my education, and the fact my landlord had knowledge that my dog was a bit older, although good-natured, he may have required deworming at the time he had vomited.

I honestly cannot see any court of law accepting that him wanting to keep all of the £250 deposit for, frankly, no sign of any visible damage (for which I had already accepted fault and had cleaned myself at my own expense) would be a reasonable step to take.

I just want confirmation as to whether I am right or if there is anything else I should be concerned about, as I wish to draft an email explaining all the points from the circumstances and facts of this case.

Many thanks.


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Garry 3rd July, 2015 @ 23:20

I lived in a house for a year with no hot water,no heating,no double glazing window in my bedroom,my light switch is outside my door,a cooker without no lighter on it ..... I told my Landlord that i am tired of living in a s...hole and he told me that he don't care one bit and i told him that i don't have any rent and he told me that he gonna give me a notice ab=nd i should get out the next day.I didn't get a Tenancy agreement from him when i moved in

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wayne 24th July, 2015 @ 00:58

i look after someones place.he was never there.i was looking for over 14 years after is place.he cames back and sudenly wants me out for no reasons.he gives my 1 month then i must be out.what must i do...please help me.i got 2 kids and a wife.he never care about his property.

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Dave 30th September, 2015 @ 21:46


In 2005 my mother and father were both in dad health and in some debt, so my sister approached them and got my mum and dad to sign over there house in trust saying they could loose there property! My sister had a solicitor do all the paper work saying that my mum and dad received £150.000 for there house witch they never received, ( I have all the paper work to show this ) my parents have tryed to get there house back with no success, my sister has now put the house in her husbands name, sadly my mum and dad have had to keep paying the mortgage into there account to still live there, I have all records of payments on paper, sadly my mum passed away just over a year ago and my dad is very ill and still pays for the upkeep of the house and mortgage every month! He has no rental contract etc and my sister is just waiting for him to die! To do what ever with the property! I have nursed my parents for all these years and can't sit back an watch this happen. The doctor has backed the story and will say my mother was in no fit state to have signed anything at the time of illness etc! I am wondering if there would be anything at all we could do to put things right as this to me is so wrong.
Should my dad stop paying the mortgage? My sister and husband haven't been to the house for over ten years!

My parents have lived there for 50 years or more.
Any help would be so grateful.



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amanda 28th October, 2015 @ 21:15

Hi, a friend of mine has just been told she has to leave her privately rented house in two days, she has had no hot water for over 6 months and the property is quite damp, she has asked her landlord to fix boiler and damp problems and he never did, she called the council for advice and they are sending someone to inspect the property in 2 days, her landlord found out and told her he wants her out in 2 days, she doesn't have a tenancy agreement and no actual proof of any rent payments, does she have any rights?? She has been diagnosed with a terminal brain tumor and has two youngish children but her landlord is adamant she needs to leave

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martin 5th November, 2015 @ 12:36

is it legal for a lanlord to change a sigend receit. well i payed my lanlord two months rent he signed it then he changeed it by takeing and aplying it to other issues and sending it back saying i still owe for this months rent what can i do about this

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Grace 2nd December, 2015 @ 10:12

Have rented a house for the last half a month but I now want to vacate since the landlord doesn't provide water as promisedpromised which I can't continue the tenancy since I can't survive without. the landlord says she can't return the deposit since I haven't given a notice of 1month of which she didnt inform me about and we didn't have any written agreement. Am I entitled to my deposit which according to me she is the one who has breached the conditions of the contract?

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Francesca Cioce 25th December, 2015 @ 22:15

I live with my landlady, she has decided to let her boyfriend moving in to the flat and she has given me only two weeks notice . Is that correct or she should have notified this with at least one month notice??

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Oli 26th March, 2016 @ 22:49

This is urgent, my mum just made a verbal agreement with her landlord but the next day, he said the agreement is off and that she has five days to. Leave, now 3 days (Tuesday) she doesn't know what to do and we need help. She wasn't able to have 14 days because on the contract for the lease, a clause was she would have 5 days to vacate the premises. She made a verbal agreement and that ass told her off. Are there any legal actions we could use against him? Please help

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Nicole 16th April, 2016 @ 07:47

so i moved into someones flat to rent a room no tenacy agreement stayedsince december so 4 months paid rent every month found out its a council property and making me homeless just chucking me out on a date i need to no if i stand anywhere for anything

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Nicky durra 6th June, 2016 @ 09:24

Hi i realy need a help I living in the flat from 25july 2015 and paying 500£ regular rent per month I am trsnsgender my landlord harsing me about my gender from last 6 monh I have no writen aggriment he harassing me to leave the flat what can I do please help me and call me 07946403053 nicky dutta

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David 22nd June, 2016 @ 20:19

We made an verbal agreement with my father in law in 2011 and started paying to rent to own the house as they were moving to St Louis. We've paid rent every month and paid extra for a number of months towards the down payment and they have constantly threatened to kick us out for things not being the way they want. We have over 60,000 invested in this home now my question is if they break this agreement can we get our money back?

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Jayne 2nd September, 2016 @ 14:17

My son has no signed agreement with landlord,only verbal.The landlord is now selling property,and phones us the night before,to say someone is viewing property next day.My son works,so I have to do it,as he can't afford to take time off.The landlord turned up yesterday,with a friend,and another estate agent,but told us it was a viewing.He's now told me today,that someone is viewing tomorrow.It's not fair that he keeps doing this,can I get some advice please

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larry atkins 23rd October, 2016 @ 20:49

Verbel agreement on renting I was told to.leave after I have lived there for a year fixing the property up and paying rent and was told it would be willed to.me after landlord left told me and two other people the same now that the property worth something and the all the endkrss hours I put in to the property .now im asked to leave I dont have no place to go I thought this was home I need legel help and have know money can someone help me it is so urgent everything I owen and worked for im about to lose

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Adam 30th November, 2016 @ 09:18

I have just keep kicked out by the mother-in-law of which I was paying rent for. The landlords knew I was staying and I have been paying for rent (To the MIL), internet (directly), food and other bills since I moved in 7 months ago. She said I have 2 days to move out which is when I am paid up until. Is this legal? I'm fairly sure I have a right to have notice of 30 days to be out since the landlords agreed to let me stay on top of the tenancy agreement verbally.

In hindsight I know it should have been put in writing but it was a verbal agreement, do I have to move out today (the last day) or do I have to be given 30 days notice provided I pay the rent for the next month?

The Landlord Avatar
The Landlord 30th November, 2016 @ 11:35

It's not really clear what your situation is, you need to provide more details:

1) Is your mother-in-law a tenant in the same property?
2) Who signed all the contracts? Are you joint tenants?
3) Are you sub-letting from your mother-in-law as a tenant, or lodger?

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Dennise 9th December, 2016 @ 23:22

HI My parent rent property from private landlord in last 2moths
They'v sight the tenancy agreement at the property for 6moths.
The landlord give then keys and said you can move in today so they pay him rent and deposit and they did not get any proof that they paid that.
Anyway they live there now 3moths and the landlord don't want they give the signed tenancy agreement, my parent get very uncomfortable because they scared now that they will someday have to leave and they were right when we calling him everyday about it he keeps shouting no you don't need it and today he send letter "leave on January because am not happy about that you want the agreement"
Any advance please??

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Jane 13th December, 2016 @ 10:03


I rented a room during 2 months in Central London.
I gave 300£ in cash + 320£ (transfer) for the deposit and I paid my 2 months in time. I didn't sign a contract. The guy who was renting the rooms is the brother's landlord.

When I gave my notice this guy told me he was going to give me my deposit back but that he had some problems with his bank account. I trusted him but one week after I had nothing on my bank account. I sent him a message but one week later still nothing and he won't return my calls anymore or answer myy texts.

I don't know a lot about British Law but is there anything I can do to have my money back?


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Phil 28th December, 2016 @ 13:08

I have received a section21 notice to vacate the property i have rented for 25 years because the owner wishes to sell.
My question is, in October 2015 i was charged £120 for an AST but was never sent a copy or was asked to sign it, so as i have not read the terms until Dec 2016 when i insisted the agent for the owner send me my copy.
I now have a copy that was emailed to me which, as far as i am concerned could of been drawn up just because i asked for it .
I have asked for the AST on 3 other occasions in the last year.

My question is, is the AST legal as the owner is not the same as the name on the land registry?


The Landlord Avatar
The Landlord 28th December, 2016 @ 14:35

The landlord doesn't need to be the owner of the property... so if you're asking if a AST can be legal if the landlord's name is not on the property deed, the answer is yes.

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Annalyn Mariano 9th January, 2017 @ 06:12

I had a gap of 15 days for my monthly rent,do I need to pay 50% of my monthly rent for that gap?eventhough i ask a favor for my landlord for the gap and he said no problem.

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Marcus 14th January, 2017 @ 14:03

Hi my girlfriend is rent a space at a salon and has been told that she needs to leave by the end of the week. She does not have a contract but has agreed a price and also paid for the week. Can the landord evict her fro. The property or does he have to serve her notice with legitimate cause and give her 28 days to evict the property?

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Cindy 15th January, 2017 @ 03:30

I have lived here since 1982 till present i live in los Angeles rent control my landlord is now telling me he does not want us to park our cars in the driveway and he said my son name is not on the rental agreement he has to get out and he could stay if he doesn't park in the driveway..and he also said uf my husband dont like he can move out....i pay rent and the driveway is part of our rental unit...advice would be nice

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Rikki 13th February, 2017 @ 11:48

Hi I rent a buisiness property off the council in a town centre that is dying on its feet. I have no written agreement nor verbal. I have some rent arrears, I got in touch with the council to see if they would reduce the rent to help me in my situation temporarily an they just said 'no'. In 12 months shops are closing down on a weekly basis an the council have seen fit to let 8 barbers come to our small town. I have a barbers myself an the council put 1 directly next door to mine. I don't earn a lot an some weeks I have to put my wages to pay the rent. The arrears are what's stopping me from going, as I have a mortgage I don't want them to take it off me as I have worked hard an it's my children's if anything happens to me. Please if any one can give me some advice I would b very grateful x

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Zara 10th April, 2017 @ 22:03

I am renting a room from a 'friend' who has recently been a little off and her mother who's house the name is in has been a complete cow. I have a feeling they will 1. Ask me to move out or 2.Move my belongings whilst away on a work trip. There was nothing signed and no term agreed, I did say no later than 6 months. I pay a direct debit in to her account every month and she's asked myself to give her 1 month rent if I wanted to move out. Please can you advise me on what rights I have, I'm worried they will go through my room. Last night whilst I'm away she even let her friend sleep in my room without asking. I really need some advice. Thank you

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Simon Pambin 12th April, 2017 @ 08:20

Hi Zara,

Unfortunately, as a lodger, you have very few rights in law. Your landlord can use "your" room when you're not there and can evict you with reasonable notice - probably one month in your case. They can move your belongings as long as they take care that they are not damaged as a result.

It would have been courteous to let you know that she was intending to use your room while you were away, though.

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Kate 9th May, 2017 @ 01:45

When we moved into our new house we allowed an old housemate to make use of our spare room from the beginning of April for a couple of months until he got himself sorted. Our agreement was verbal & he is not listed on any contracts or bills, however contributes £255pcm. This has now changed to him wanting to be here until at least September. The arrangement now does not suit us as a family member is relocating to the city & I would like them to live with us instead. As this set up was only meant to be temporary I verbally gave him 6 weeks notice to move out. He was not happy but I feel this is plenty enough time, given it was only meant to be a short term favour. I was wondering if there was a written declaration anyone advises me to give him as back up to our conversation in case he becomes difficult. Thanks

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Simon Pambin 9th May, 2017 @ 13:14

By the sound of it, your erstwhile housemate is a lodger on an excluded tenancy, in which case 6 weeks verbal notice is reasonable, although it would help to put it in writing. Have a read of this:

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Warren 28th August, 2017 @ 03:36

I have moved into a place without signing agreement and made arrangments to pay landlord. Prior to payment she has demanded me out and changed locks with my stuff in the house.. I phoned police but the advised me to landlord tennant act. I asked what would happen if I jumped through window and still stayed until i find new place they had no comment.. what can i do and how to do so.

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J.R 15th September, 2017 @ 20:03

I move into a apt a year ago this month. 6 months in I couldn't afford rent so I went to my land lord an explained that I would leave but would like to if at all possible he asked me if I did any carpentry work saying yes he put me to work at one of his property's an since then we have had a verbal agreement ( I have never signed anything not even when I moved in ) that I work off the $500 dollar rent cost. This has been working out great , I do the work that he ask of me an also to show gratitude for helping me I do things he don't ask of me but that I know has to be done . He gets well over the $500 Dollar rent cost but the deal was I work for the rent not cash so I continue to work .. a couple months ago he had surgery an stuck in his recliner witch made him ill this all being said has taken it out on me twice already by telling me to pack my things up an move an then turning around an hour or so later an apologies an tells me I can stay . Then today this being the tired time doing this he tells me that he don't get enough work out of me for the rent an that most normal jobs work 40 hours a week when I'm only working 4 to 6 hours a day 3 or 4 days a week but them hours an day add up fast an the work I'm doing would cost him so much more then the $500 dollar cost of my apt each month. I guess what I'm asking is what to do about the threats of putting me out ?? Is there anyway I can defend my self against being thrown in streets after I work so hard to live here.. please contact me with any an all thoughts, suggestions an facts that may pertain to the underlying question at hand here .. I thank u in advance for all ur time an comments in this matter..have a awesome day .

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Suzette 4th November, 2017 @ 23:29

Can anyone offer advice please.
My 72-year-old mother has lived in her home for nearly 20 years. The last 10 of these years has been with the same landlord.
She received a letter yesterday from a solicitor, saying The landlord had said that on 14 December 2017, it will be the 10 year anniversary of him as her landlord, and the rent is going to increase from £350 a month to £600 a month.. she has no tenancy agreement.
Any advice welcome. She is beside herself with worry.

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angela 22nd January, 2018 @ 04:04

I rented a house back in May and they want us to rent for a year and would get us a contract still no contract but they are selling the house so what can i do because the understand was that we would rent for a year.I have not been late on rent.so if they sell the house do i still get to rent it until my agreement is up.please help.I do have message that they will get us a contract to sign.will that help me out

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Sarah Alex 6th February, 2018 @ 17:13

hi, I need help??? i'm renting a two bedroom house and they been living there for over 6 six years and there was no contract or deposit made....I told them in November that they have to leave and into now we are in February the wife has told me that by law they can live there without paying rent for 3 months. It's been 3 months since they were told to leave and they have been taking stuff out of the house but still living there without paying rent!! what should I do????

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Simon Pambin 7th February, 2018 @ 09:11

The bit about living rent-free for three months is cobblers. Have you issued a valid Section 21 notice, or did you just tell them informally? You'll need to give them at least two months' notice via a section 21. However, now that they're more than two months in arrears you could also go down the Section 8 route.

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Raeona123 19th March, 2018 @ 18:07

Im renting out the living room at a coworkers house for me and my boyfriend. We pay weekly and have a verbal agreement that we are to pay weekly because its just the living room. Well we were given a two weeks notice and still have to pay in the process of the two weeks. Wasnt we suppose to receive a 30 day notice to leave? Please i need answers!

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Tony 20th March, 2018 @ 10:35

Thank you so much for sharing such a valuable information.But I think it is better to have a written rental agreement all the times to avoid confusions.When I have shifted to my new home my rental agreement has been made by Homeshikari who has made a very tight rental agreement for me and I feel really comfortable now.

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Jezz 27th March, 2018 @ 18:42


I have rented my basement to a guy on verbal agreement, later i have discovered he is some kind of threat to my family, so i have returned his money and ask him to vacate in a month. am i doing right thing?
or am i going to face any legal issues.

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Josafat lelieveld 21st October, 2018 @ 04:16

Hi I just bought a property and there was tenants in the house from the former owner they rented the house without any contract so i did told the tenants that I would still rent out the house but I will come with a contract so they wasn't keen on the idea and I just told them that everything wil stays the same but when I present them the contract with my laws and terms it's know a problem they told me the amount of rent I want is to much and that they can't pay deposit so what rights does that have and what can I do in this matter

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Jonathan Smith 7th November, 2018 @ 22:25

How do I evict a tenant without a tenancy agreement? He is also withholding goods that belong to me.


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