Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) For Landlords

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Letting A Property have recently reduced the cost of their Energy Performance Certificates (EPC’s). You can now get an EPC for £69 (VAT INC). If the property is located in Scotland, the price is £99 (VAT INC)- simply go here to purchase your EPC.

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Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) Content

What is an Energy Performance Certificate?

The certificate will give each building a SAP (Standard Assessment Procedure – out of 100 possible) rating, and this will equate to an energy rating from A to G (A is very efficient and G is very inefficient), similar to those already seen on white goods. In layman’s terms, the certificate will show the energy efficiency levels of a property.

The EPC is formed by a qualified Energy Assessor making a visit to your rental property and gathering vital information about the property in order to produce the certificate.

This is an example of what an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) looks like:
Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) Example

Do I need an EPC?

From the 1st of October 2008, Landlords must provide an Energy Performance Certificate to all new and prospective tenants. The certificates (EPCs) should be provided at no cost to prospective tenants either before or during a viewing is being conducted.

Each property is required to have it’s own EPC’s, it is not based on a “per tenant” or “per landlord” basis. However, where a tenant sub-lets a dwelling, the responsibility to make an EPC available lies with the sub-leaseholder.

Landlords and agents need to have an EPC within seven days or marketing a property or risk getting a penalty from Trading Standards.

If you have a lodger an EPC is not required.

Where can I get an Energy Performance Certificate from?

The certificate must be produced by an accredited energy surveyor. There are plenty of providers around. All you need to do is Google something like, “Energy Performance Certificates provider [insert county]”

However, I’ve often ordered mine from lettingaproperty.com – Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) for £69 (VAT inc). That includes everything! If the property is located in Scotland, the price is £99 (VAT inc).

It’s important to ensure that the independent energy assessor you use is a current member of an accreditation scheme, as this ensures your energy assessor is operating to professional standards.

An EPC is only authentic if issued by an accredited Domestic Energy Assessor (DEA).

What’s the purpose of an Energy Performance Certificate?

The EPC highlights two key areas about a rental property:

  • The energy efficiency rating (this is based on how much the home would cost to run). Essentially though, this will largely depend on the lifestyle of the tenants.
  • The environmental impact rating (this is based on how much carbon dioxide is released into the environment because of the home)

The rating is based on factors like age, property layout, construction, heating, lighting, and insulation. The ratings are standard so a tenant can compare the energy efficiency of one rental property with another.

What is the average energy rating of a house?

The typical rating for a home is D or E.

How much do Energy Performance Certificates cost?

I’ve seen them as cheap as £50, but I’ve also seen them priced at £100. It ultimately depends on the location of the property, from what I’m aware. However, I would definitely shop around for quotes, because it is competitive out there.

How often do Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) need to be renewed?

Each certificate will last for 10 years unless major renovation work is carried out on the property. Property owners can voluntarily get a new certificate after installation of energy efficiency measures – particularly if these improve the energy rating.

If a newer EPC has been produced for a home within the ten year period, only the most recent one is valid.

What does an Energy Inspection involve?

Booking an Energy Inspection is like booking any other appointment; a convenient time will be arranged to visit the rental property.

During the assessment the assessor will inspect the rental property and collect information such as external and/or internal measurements, details about the construction, and the type of heating/hot water used in your property. In order to gather the information, the assessor will need to access all rooms, the boiler and the loft.

The assessment of a 3 bed property typically takes up to 60 minutes; larger or complex properties can take longer.

After the assessment, the assessor will send you the EPC and recommendation report. The recommendation report will contain recommendations of how the property’s energy efficiency can be improved. Each recommendation will be accompanied by the typical cost savings per year as well as what the performance rating could be after improvements are made.

Do I have to improve the efficiency of my property?

If the recommendation report comes back with suggestions to improve the efficiency of your rental property, you are NOT legally obligated to act on any of the recommendations.

However, improving energy efficiency levels may make your property more desirable for prospective tenants, consequently making it easier to let.

Improving energy efficiency

The top five recommendations given by assessors for improving energy efficiency have been:

  • Cavity wall insulation
  • Using low energy lighting
  • Using thermostatic valves on radiators
  • Loft insulation
  • Double glazing windows

What are the penalties if I do not provide an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)?

The provision of EPCs is enforced by the Trading Standards department of the local authority. If they receive a complaint that an EPC has not been provided they can impose a penalty charge on you of £200 for each breach.

27 Comments- join the conversation...

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Mike D 20th August, 2008 @ 11:29

To put the record straight, Landlords need to be aware that HMOs will not need EPCs as at 1st October.

Prices for other rental properties are more likely to be £55 upwards.

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alison 31st July, 2009 @ 11:05

i have been a tenant for 22 years my landlord wants an energy efficiencyy thingy done why now?

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Mike D 31st July, 2009 @ 15:34

Alison, unless you you are a NEW tenant in the property with a NEW contract, your Landlord shouldn't need to have an EPC. BUT, he/she might want to have one done anyway to check the property over - but this work should not effect you except, of course, you will need to make the property available for the DEA to make the inspection - otherwise no skin of your teeth, as it were. However, the Landord must make the EPC available for you to look at if it is done - it might make you wonder whether he/she is making the most the property and whether recommended improvements might reduce YOUR costs in running the property. If he/she refuses to make the improvements recommended, you might wish to find somewhere CHEAPER to heat and light.... the EPC gives you the knowledge and the power...!
Yes, the Government (and local Councils) have been pathetic in not telling tenants about EPCs - they are there to help YOU decide where to live.
Landlords MUST have an EPC before they advertise the property. If they don't, they are liable to a £200 fine. Contact your local Trading Standards and report Landlords who don't provide an EPC when you make an enquiry to rent... bit draconian, but this'll get em into line and, in the end, there'll be a level playing field for Landlords (& Tenants)and all will benefit!

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Ben 27th October, 2009 @ 23:59

Anyone know what happens when the property I bought had one anyway? (on the sale particulars but the estate agent is quibbling about providing the hard copy saying about when originally went on the market wasn't required).

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Phil Smith 4th November, 2010 @ 14:42

As an accredited domestic energy assessor I can access the HCR Register for you to find out if there is an EPC in existence. If there is I will download and e-mail it to you without charge. If you are a tenant you have a right to see it.
I believe moves are afoot that will make it possible for anyone to access an EPC for any property where there is one in existence.
Estate agents like vendors to think that the EPC graph is the EPC but of course the EPC is usually a 5 or 6 page document of which the EPC graph is a part.

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RipleyEPChe 13th July, 2011 @ 23:10

EPCs can easily be sourced locally for around 40 quid. The best think any landlord, or indeed, vendor can do is cut out the atgent and go direct. All the agent does is pass the EPC on to the same assessor and bill the landlord/vendor around 50 quid on top to pay for another cheap suit from Asda.

Many people just don't think and simply line the agents pockets. That's the way I see it, speaking as a DEA providing the cheap energy performance certificates in Ripley, Derbyshire. It may be different elsewhere, however from research and speaking to others it appears to be the same nationally, the only winners from the Introduction of the EPC is the dodgy training providers and the loathed estage agents.

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Mike D 14th July, 2011 @ 07:43

Prices for EPCs have dropped significantly over the last three years. However fuel costs have skyrocketted and the market has shrunk - though rental has performed better than sales. A maximum of 5 EPCs can be managed each day (not every day as the work is not out there) so, once overheads are taken into account, a price of £60 is more realistic to make a living.

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Sarah 25th November, 2011 @ 16:45

I have just applied for a flat - I paid over £200 for referencing and was not given an EPC as I forgot to ask. I was then advised that the Letting Agents should have given me an EPC before I applied, but they made no mention of it. I then wrote to them and they do have one and have sent me a copy but they say it was my obligation to ask for it. Is this correct?

Of course now I have it I see the energy rating is the lowest possible and bills are sky high - had I know this I would never have applied.

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Benji 25th November, 2011 @ 17:16

Sarah,
EPC's are just common sense. They are a cut and paste exercise requiring very little knowledge of property or building construction.
What specific part of your EPC was it that you could not have worked out for yourself?

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Philip Smith 26th November, 2011 @ 09:09

Sarah,

The landlord is responsible for making sure that an EPC is in existence. However his/her obligation to you is only to allow you to see it before you buy, not necessarily to give you a copy.
( The reason for HIPs being introduced was also to give transparency to prospective purchasers.) It is indeed unfortunate that you are saddled with a property with a low rating which will cost you more to heat and light.

On a positive note, now that you know what is needed to raise the rating and reduce your bills, you can badger your landlord to put some of these recommendations in place. Some will be very low cost and can be carried out virtually free of charge ( cavity wall insulation, loft insulation, low energy lights ) and any reasonable landlord would sort this for you.

Benji,

You are so far off the mark that I can't be bothered arguing with you.

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Sarah 26th November, 2011 @ 10:13

@Benji - that isn't the question I asked.

@Phillip - thank you , that is helpful. I wasn't given any opportunity to see it either - no mention was made of the certificate, or how I could see it. The letting agents claim it it up to the tenant to ask to see it, not up to the agents to make sure it is seen.

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Blessing 3rd February, 2012 @ 23:11

If a hadoliy property is let for less than 4 months would it still be exempt if it was in use by the owners? Surely it would be better if legislation talked about occupancy instead

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Emma 19th April, 2012 @ 10:08

Sarah,

May I ask which estate agents it was?

We have had the same problem.

Thank you

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epc 28th July, 2012 @ 09:15

Thank you , it is a helpful site. EPCs can easily be sourced locally for around 40 quid.

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EPC services 4th August, 2012 @ 13:45

A video about the energy performance certificate tells more than 1000 words. You can find a free movie on the following location http://www.epcdiensten.be/video.asp .

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Ajit 23rd March, 2013 @ 06:29

Well as its important now so better get it quick. You may face problems in founding the EPC provider near by well here is some Help
Go this website and get your EPC provider
http://www.rapidepc.co.uk/index.html

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Elaine 28th August, 2013 @ 14:34

Hi,
I have a EPC and it is still valid. I recently know (after the fact) that my tenant moved one of the storage heater from one wall to another, saying it will save him energy.

Supposingly, he is not to touch any of this things prior to my knowledge. Now I want to ask:
1. Do I need someone to inspect the electrical safety?

2. If this is something I need to do, is he obliged to pay for that?

3. Is it cheaper to get a certified electrician to do that or if I get a new EPC this would include the checking?

Thanks, Elaine

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Mike D 28th August, 2013 @ 20:00

Elaine

I cannot comment on the electrical side of the move but this would not effect the EPC, so no need for a new one.

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Jack McCabe 5th September, 2013 @ 09:31

All Landlords & Tenants,

I am a technical surveyor supplying contracts for Tempo Insulation, we have funding for the ECO Grants where everybody is entitled to free cavity wall insulation and free loft top up depending on your property types (Cavity wall/Solid wall/narrow cavity etc) and even in some cases a free boiler, NO CATCHES, free survey, free EPC, free installation.

Tenants need Landlords permission.

Please get in contact for a free, no obligation survey. (energygrants2013@live.com)

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Colin Burt 18th November, 2013 @ 09:19

I was not shown an energy certificate at the time of signing the rental agreement. It was sent by email much later when I complained because the bungalow was so cold. At what stage must the landlord/agent have to show it to avoid the £250.00 fine . The agent is saying it is not an offence if he did not show it, only if there is not one. Is he correct, please?

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Phil Smith 18th November, 2013 @ 09:34

The agent is correct. I wonder whether most tenants know of the existence of the EPC!

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Mike D 18th November, 2013 @ 10:42

Yes, there appears to be nothing in the Law to say the tenant/purchaser HAS to have 'sight' of the EPC...this is another flaw in the system. Agents do not seem to have any respect for the EPC - nor their clients!!!

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Colin Burt 18th November, 2013 @ 18:15

I am disappointed because the agent is getting away with something he should have shown me as I would not have rented had I known that there was no effective wall or loft insulation. Now the agent and landlord are withholding the deposit money because I did not paint over the filled in injection holes in the walls after British gas contractors insulated the walls under a grant system. The landlady gave permission for loft and wall insulation to be done if it did not cost her anything.

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Epcrating.co.uk 9th March, 2014 @ 22:15

Improving your energy efficiency starts with an Energy Performance Certificate (EPCrating.co.uk) . An EPC shows 2 ratings the energy efficiency rating and environmental impact of a building on a scale ranging from A - G. Some energy saving measures will be eligible for full or partial funding such as new A rated boilers ,loft insulation etc...Find out more visit epcrating.co.uk or call us were happy to help 0755 1234 222

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Lynsey 7th June, 2014 @ 08:40

I am currently buying a house to let and just wondered as we need to have an EPC, is the EPC transferable and if so is there a cost?

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Phil Smith 7th June, 2014 @ 09:57

It is the seller's responsibility to provide the EPC, not yours! The EPC is valid for 10 years from the date it was issued, even if drastic changes have been made to the property since. So when you come to let the house you won't need to get another one. However, if improvements have been made to the house since the EPC was first issued it will look more attractive to any prospective tenant if you have the EPC updated to reflect these changes. As for cost, my fee is £55, no VAT, but you will find that you can get one cheaper. If you look at the EPC price page on my web site www.wirralepcs.com you will see how this is done.

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Mesur 7th June, 2014 @ 14:00

Here in South Wales, EPCs can be ordered for £40-45 direct.

However, National Companies, such as EPC Portal, charge their clients around £95, but only pay £25 to the DEA who produces the certificate no matter how big the house or how far away. Possibly, Letting A Property follows the same practice, employing a subbie' DEA and paying them very little for all the work. Someone is making some money!!! ANSWER? GO LOCAL & SUPPORT LOCAL ENTERPRISE!!!!

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